A 17 year old boy who had to skip his class X board exams because of an ailment has been able to return to school after receiving a kidney from his mother, who has a different blood group !
The surgery on Sugam Gurung, a resident of Namchi, Sikkim was performed recently at Apollo Gleneagles Hospitals, Kolkata. While Sugam's blood group is O positive, that of his parents is A positive. A kidney donation from one of them was ruled out as the principles of blood transfusion are usually applied to organ transplantation as well. As the boy is an only child, he was left with no donors in his immediate family.
"The difficulty was overcome by performing a procedure called plasmapheresas, through which the O group antigens were removed from Sugam's blood before the transplation." said Dr V V Lakshminarayanan, Head of Nephrology at Apollo Gleneagles Hospitals.
Sugam's troubles had started in May 2010 after he became unconscious in school. The kidney problem was not diagnosed in his village and later a hospital in Siliguri. He was initially treated for neurological disorder. He started undergoing dialysis in February this year.
"We had lost hope after his doctor said he would not make it without a transplant because we knew our blood groups didn't match," said Narsing Gurung, the boy's father who is also a school teacher. Thanks to the procedure, there is a new hope among thousands who need renal transplantation and do not have donors with same blood group.